Know your rights: Retirement age // Aois Scoir

Question

My employer says that I have to retire when I reach the age of 65. Can an employer make you retire at a certain age?

Answer (June 2017)

There is no single fixed retirement age for employees. If you are employed, your retirement age should be set out in your contract of employment. The usual retirement age in contracts of employment is 65.

Many contracts have provisions for early retirement from age 60 (or in some cases from age 55) and most have provision for early retirement on health grounds. Some occupations – for example, firefighters, An Garda Síochána and the Defence Forces – have provisions for earlier retirement.

While employment equality legislation prohibits discrimination on the grounds of age, employers are still allowed to set retirement ages in employment contracts. Since 1 January 2016, under the Equality (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 2015 an employer may set a compulsory retirement age if the employer can objectively justify the retirement age of an employee. This could be for health and safety reasons, for example, the physical demands and requirements of the job.

If an employee has reached the employer’s mandatory age of retirement, this legislation provides that they may still be legitimately offered fixed-term contracts, provided that it is objectively justified. The provisions of the Protection of Employees (Fixed-Term Work) Act 2003 would still apply.

The Workplace Relations Commission (WRC) provides information on your rights and entitlements under employment legislation. For further information about your contract of employment and retirement age you can contact the WRC’s Information and Customer Service at Lo-call 1890 80 80 90 or through the website, workplacerelations.ie.

Ceist

Deir m’fhostóir go gcaithfidh m dul ar scornuair a shroichfidh mé 66 bliain d’aois. An féidir le fostóir iachall a chur ort dul ar scor ag aois áirithe?

Freagra

Níl aon aois áirithe le dul amach ar phinsean. Má tá tú fostaithe, ba chóir go mbeadh an aois le dul amach ar phinsean leagtha síos i do chonradh fostaíochta. Is í an gnáth aois a bhíonn leagtha síos i gconradh le dul amach ar phinsean ná 65.

Bíonn socruithe i roinnt mhaith conarthaí le dul amach ar phinsean go luath ó aois 60 nó i roinnt cásanna ó aois 55 agus tá socruithe ag formhór acu i gcomhair dul ar phinsean luath mar gheall ar chúrsaí sláinte. Tá socruithe ag roinnt gairmeacha beatha do scor níos luaithe mar shampla, fir mhúchta dóiteán, an Garda Síochána agus na Fórsaí Cosanta.

Ce go bhfuil cosc ar leithcheal ar bhonn aoise sa reachtaíocht um  chomhionannas fostaíochta, is féidir le fostóire aoiseanna scoir a leagan amach i gconarthaí fostaíochta go fóill.  Ó 1 Eanáir 2016, faoin  Acht Chomhionannas (Forálacha Ilghnéitheacha) 2015 is féidir le fostóir aois scoir shainordaitheach a leagan síos ar an gcoinníoll go gcosnaítear é ar bhonn tosca oibiachtúla.D’fhéadfadh sé a bheith bunaithe ar bhonn sláinte agus sábháailteachta mar shampla riachtanais fhisiciúla an phoist.

Má tá aois scoir shainordaithe an fhostóra sroichte ag fostaí, tá foráil sa reachtaíocht gur féidir conarthaí ar théarma seasta a ofráil dó, ar an mbonn go bhfuil tosca oibiachtúil ann dó. Bainfidh forálacha   An Achta um Chosaint Fostaithe (Obair Téarma Socraithe) 2003 leis fós

Soláthríonn AN Coimisiún um Chaidreamh san Áit Oibre eolas ar do chearta agus do theidlíochtaí faoin reachtaíocht fostaíochta. Chun tuilleadh eolais fai do chonradh fostaíochta agus an aois scoir is féidir leat dul i dteagmháil le Seirbhís Faisnéise agus Custaiméara ag Ló-Ghlao 1890 80 80 90 nó féach workplacerelations.ie.